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Experiencing harassment at work can be an isolating ordeal, making one feel singularly vulnerable. However, it’s crucial to recognize that the law serves as a shield for employees, ensuring their protection against such behavior. Federal and state statutes expressly forbid harassment in the workplace based on various personal attributes, including race, religion, sexual orientation, pregnancy, age, disability, and more, particularly emphasizing the protections afforded to Arizona employees.

Recognizing Your Rights and Legal Protections

The law’s umbrella extends to safeguard individuals from unwelcome actions or words that could be considered harassment due to their inherent characteristics. These legal provisions underscore a commitment to fostering an environment where all employees can perform their duties free from discrimination and hostility.

Practical Steps to Address Harassment at Work

Confronting harassment may seem daunting, yet there are established protocols designed to empower employees and address such grievances. The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), a federal agency committed to eradicating workplace discrimination, outlines several steps for individuals facing harassment:

Step 1: Directly Communicate with the Harasser

Initiate by informing the harasser that their behavior is unacceptable and must cease. This step is pivotal as some individuals may not recognize their actions as harassment, perceiving them instead as harmless jest. A direct confrontation can often rectify misunderstandings and deter further misconduct.

Step 2: Consult Your Company’s Anti-Harassment Policy

Should a direct approach prove ineffective or feel untenable, refer to your employer’s anti-harassment policy. Typically accessible through the company’s website, employee handbook, or displayed in common areas, these guidelines offer a structured approach to reporting and resolving harassment issues.

Step 3: Document and Report

In the absence of an explicit policy, or if the situation persists, report the behavior to your supervisor or the harasser’s supervisor. Documentation is key; maintain a record of all interactions, including dates and the nature of the discussions. This documentation will serve as a vital resource should further action be necessary.

Understanding the Risk of Retaliation

The law unequivocally protects employees from retaliation following a harassment report. This means that any adverse action taken against an employee for reporting harassment is unlawful. While the specter of retaliation, such as demotion or termination, may loom, it’s important to remember the legal safeguards in place to protect against such outcomes.

Illustrative Examples

Consider the scenario where an employee is subjected to derogatory comments about their religious attire. The employee decides to directly address the colleague making these comments, explaining the offensive nature of the remarks and requesting they stop. If the behavior persists, the employee follows the company’s anti-harassment policy by reporting the incident to HR, thereby activating a formal investigation process.

In another example, an employee might witness a co-worker being harassed due to their sexual orientation. By encouraging the victim to report the incident and offering support through the process, they help underscore the importance of a collective stance against workplace harassment.


Harassment in the workplace undermines the dignity and productivity of employees, and addressing it requires a blend of personal courage and reliance on established procedures. By understanding your rights and the steps to take when faced with harassment, you can navigate these challenging situations with confidence, knowing the law is designed to protect and support you.

J. Horowitz
J. Horowitz

J. Horowitz leverages over two decades of experience as a seasoned employment law attorney in Arizona to offer insightful freelance writing on the same subject. After a successful career advocating for fairness and justice in the workplace, J. now dedicates his expertise to writing comprehensive articles, blog posts, and thought leadership pieces that illuminate the complexities of employment law.